RELIABILITAS DAN VALIDITAS INDIKATOR KETAHANAN KELUARGA DI INDONESIA

Herien Puspitawati, Tien Herawati, Ma'mun Sarma

Abstract


Family resilience is needed to support its members to face challenges and prevent them from risks of the problems around them. Although the concept of family resilience has been mentioned in Law No. 52/2009 on Population Growth and Family Development, universal indicators to understand the level of family resilience have not been available yet. This study aims to (i) analyze the category of family resilience between intact and single families; (ii) test the reliability and validity of family resilience indicators; and (iii) examine the effect of family structure towards family resilience. This paper used data from the study of the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection in collaboration with the Center for Gender and Children's Studies LPPM-IPB in 2015 in Bogor Regency. Reliability and validity tests indicate family resilience indicators that used in this study are reliable and valid. Also, intact families is more resilient than single families, both of each component and in total. These findings indicate the significant effect of family structure on total family resilience. Future research is recommended to test the validation of a broader scope of family resilience indicators that look at the different demographic and socio-economic conditions of the regions.


Keywords


reliability; validity; family strength; family resilience indicators.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Again, F., Landau, J., & Agani, N. (2010). Community-building before, during, and after times of trauma: the application of the LINC model of community resilience in Kosovo. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80(1), 143-149 crossref

Badan Pusat Statistik [BPS]. (2016). Provinsi Jawa Barat dalam angka 2015. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Bae, K. E., & Kim, E. H. (2007). Relationship of family strengths, family function, ego-identity and depression in adolescence. J Korean Acad Child Health Nurs, 13 (3), 357-366. Retrieved from : https://www.e-chnr.org/upload/pdf/jkachn-13-357.pdf

Black J.A. & Champion D.J. (1992). Metode dan masalah penelitian sosial (E. Koeswara, D. Salam, & A. Ruzhendi, Terj.). Bandung: Penerbit PT Eresco.

Carmines, E.G. & Zeller, R.A. (1991). Reliability and validity assessment. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. crossref

Chapman, G. (2000). Five signs of a functional family (Lima tanda keluarga yang mantap). Batam: Interaksara.

Eshelman J.R. (1991). Family. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Inc

Isaac, S., & Michael, W.B. (1990). Handbook in research and evaluation for education and the behavioral sciences (2nd edition). San Diego, California: Edits Publishers.

Kelly, J.B. (2007). Children’s living arrangements following separation and divorce: insights from empirical and clinical research. Family Process, 46(1), 35-52 crossref

McCubbin, H.I., Joy. C.B., Cauble, A.E., Comeau, J.K., Patterson, J.M., & Needle, R.H. (1980). Family stress and coping: a decade review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 42, 855-871. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/351829.pdf

McCubbin, M.A. (1989). Family stress and family strengths: A comparison of single-and two- parent families with handicapped children. Res Nurs. Health, 12(2), 101-110. crossref

Newman, D.M., & Grauerholz, L. (2002). Sociology of families (Second edition). California: Pine Forge Press.

Puspitawati, H. (2013). Metode penelitian keluarga. Bogor: IPB Press.

Puspitawati, H., Herawati, T., Hastuti, D., Sunarti, T., & Sarma, M. (2015). Pengembangan model operasional pendataan ketahanan keluarga untuk kegiatan pembangunan di tingkat kabupaten. Laporan penelitian, Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak-RI dengan Pusat Kajian Gender dan Anak-IPB.

Rice, V.H. (Ed.). (2000). Handbook of stress, coping and health: Implications for nursing research, theory and practice. California, USA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Rolland, J.S. & Walsh F. (2005). Systemic training for healthcare professionals: the Chicago center for family health approach. Family Process, 44(4), 283-301. crossref

Rossi, P.H., Wright, J.D., & Anderson, A.B. (1983). Handbook of survey research. Orlando, Florida: Academic Press, Inc.

Sunarti, E. (2001). Studi ketahanan keluarga dan ukurannya: telaah kasus pengaruhnya terhadap kualitas kehamilan (Disertasi). Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Touliatos, J., & Compton, N.H. (1992). Research methods in human ecology/home economics. Ames: Iowa State University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v13i1.283

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research Center for Population, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Widya Graha Building, 7th and 10th floors, Ruang 2127
Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto 10 Jakarta Selatan, Telp (021) 5221687
Website: http:/kependudukan.lipi.go.id;
E-Journal: http://ejurnal.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
Pustaka: http://pustaka.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------