DINAMIKA TENAGA KERJA PADA SISTEM PERTANIAN ORGANIK DI KABUPATEN SRAGEN

NFN Ngadi

Abstract


The aim of this article is to analyze the patterns of labour utilization in Temanggung Regency rural areas. The study shows that there are significant differences oflabour utilization between two typological villages in the rural areas ofTemanggung Regency. The labour force which can be categorized adequately utilized in the lowland area was higher than in the highlands area (70% and 50%). Generally the unemployment rate in the lowland area was lower than in the highlands area. The labour force which categorized as underutilization by hours was lower in the lowland area than in the highlands area. The similar pattern was also found among underutilization of labour force by hours and income. Generally, it can be concluded that the utilization of labour force in the low land villages were higher than in the highlands villages. The main source of information for this study came from Disguised Unemployment in Temanggung Regency Rural Areas, in 2008.

Keywords


employment dynamic, organic farming, Sragen regency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alkatiri, W. (2004). "lsu Kesehatan Kampanye Organik". Trubus XXXV. Him. 48.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2009). Keadaan Pekerja di Indonesia, Februari 2009. Jakarta-Indonesia.

Daliyo. (2009). "Pendayagunaan Tenaga Kerja di Perdesaan". Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, Volume IV, No. 2, tahun 2009. crossref

Dinarti, D. (2005). Pertanian Organik di Indonesia. IPB Bogor.

Green, M. (2007). "Organik fanning-The Benefits for Employment and Rural Communities in the UK". Paper presented at Js' Congress on Organik Agriculture in Turkey, 20 October 2007, michael_bsl@yahoo.co.uk.

Giovannucci, D. (2007). "Organik Farming as a Tool for Productivity and Poverty Reduction in Asia". Prepared for the International Fund for Agricultural Development INACF Conference Seoul, 13-16 March 2007.

Ngadi (Penyunting). (2010). Menuju Pertanian Berkelanjutan: Pendayagunaan Tenaga Kerja pada Sistem Pertanian Terpadu di Bantu/ dan Temanggung. Yogyakarta: Kanisius-Impulse.

Ngadi dalam Laila Nagib dan Prijono Tjiptoherijanto. 2008. Sumber Daya Manusia dan Permasalahan Ketenagakerjaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Poktan Sri Rejeki. t.t. "Catatan Harian Penjualan Gabah Organik".

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 2008. Organic Agriculture and Food Security in Africa. United Nations New York and Geneva.

Zdralk, U., Wandahwa, P., Freyar, B. (2002). "Impact of organic farming courses for Small-holder Fanners at Bakara Famers Training Center on their Agricultural and Socio-Economic Development in Lake Nakuru Catchment Area, Kenya".




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v6i1.86

Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research Center for Population, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Widya Graha Building, 7th and 10th floors, Ruang 2127
Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto 10 Jakarta Selatan, Telp (021) 5221687
Website: http:/kependudukan.lipi.go.id;
E-Journal: http://ejurnal.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
Pustaka: http://pustaka.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------