Sam'un Jaja Raharja, Dede Akhmad


There is an increasing trend of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Subang District, a region characterized by high population mobility. Hence, this study aims to explain the factors that influence collaboration in HIV/AIDS prevention and control in Subang Regency. This study uses a latent construct of collaboration reflected by five dimensions: governance, administration, organizational authority, mutuality, and norms. This study uses quantitative methods and data collection techniques through distributing questionnaires to 72 respondents involved in HIV/AIDS prevention and prevention in Subang Regency. The selection of respondents represents government and non-government organizations based on quota sampling. Data were analyzed by Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) in the second order confirmatory factor analysis to explain the collaboration measurement model as a latent construct. The results showed that all dimensions of the collaboration construct were valid and reliable. All dimensions can be said to significantly explain the collaborative construct of HIV/AIDS prevention and care. The dimensions of governance are the most valuable factors that influence the construct of collaboration, followed by organizational autonomy, administration, mutuality, and finally norms as dimensions with the smallest contribution value to collaboration.



governance, collaboration model, HIV/AIDS

Full Text:



Penderita HIV/AIDS di Subang Meninggal (2010, 10 Januari). Nasional. diakses dari full&view =ok.

Aggleton, P., Bhana, D., Clarke, D. J., Crewe, M., Race, K., & Yankah, E. (2018). HIV education: Reflections on the past, priorities for the future. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(3), 254-266.

Agranoff, R. 2012. Collaborating to Manage: A Primer for The Public Sector. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.

Ansell, C. & Alishin, G. 2007. Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice. The Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Oxford University Press. Vol. 18. p. 543-571.

Azanella, L. A. (2018, 1 Desember). HIV/AIDS dalam Angka: 36,9 Juta Penderita, 25 Persen Tak Menyadarinya. diakses dari

Crystal, Lee., Melva, Thompson-Robinson., and Carolee, Dodge-Francis (2018) Acceptability of an Adapted HIV Prevention Intervention for Native American Adolecents. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(1), 72–84.

Biello, K. B., Grinsztejn, B., Fernandes, N. M., Edeza, A., Kamel, L., Salhaney, P., Veloso, V. & Mimiaga, M. J. (2019). Development of a Social Network–Based Intervention to Overcome Multilevel Barriers to ART Adherence Among Adolescents in Brazil. AIDS Education and Prevention, 31(2), 111-126.

Black, J. A. & Dean J. C. 2009. Metode dan Masalah Penelitian Sosial. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

BPS Kabupaten Subang (2018) Subang Dalam Angka 2017.

Demartoto, A. (2015). Efektivitas Collaborative Governance dalam Pelayanan Komprehensif Berkesinambungan untuk Menanggulangi HIV/AIDS. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 9(4), 382-389.

Dwiyanto, A. (2003). Reformasi Tata Pemerintahan dan Otonomi Daerah. Yogyakarta: Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Dwiyanto, A. (2004). Reorientasi Ilmu Administrasi Publik: Dari Government ke Governance. Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar pada Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Gadjah Mada di depan Rapat Terbuka Majelis Guru Besar Universitas Gadjah Mada, 21 Agustus 2004 di Yogyakarta.

Endarti, E. W. 2004. Interaksi dalam Konteks New Governance. Jurnal Administrasi Publik. Vol. I. No. 1. April, hal……….

Felizzola, J., Wolfrum, S. G., Sol, C., Zea, M. C., Nieves-Lugo, K., del Río-González, A. M., Pinho, V., Funk, D., & Weeks, K. (2018). Development and Implementation of an HIV Health Care Practice Transformation Model for Latinos. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(6), 502-515.

Ferdinand, A. 2000. Structural Equation Modelling dalam Penelitian Manajemen. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

Gajda, R. (2004). Utilizing Collaboration Theory to Evaluate Strategic Allainces. American Journal of Evaluation. Vol. 25 No. 11. pp: 65-77.

Ghozali, I (2011), Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate Dengan Program IBM SPSS 19, edisi 5 Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro

Ghozali, I. (2014). Structural Equation Modelling: Metode Alternatif dengan Partial Least Square (PLS). Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

Hair Jr., J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J. and Anderson, R.E. (2010) Multivariate Data Analysis: A Global Perspective. 7th Edition, Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River.

Handayani. (2017). Waspada Epidemi HIV-AIDS di Indonesia. Medical and Health Science Journal, 1, 1-8.

Hari AIDS Sedunia, Momen Stop Penularan HIV: Saya Berani, Saya Sehat! (2018, 1 Desember) diakses dari hiv-saya-berani-saya-sehat-.html.

Haryanti, T. & Wartini, W. (2019). Perception of People Living with HIV/AIDS on Social Stigma of HIV/AIDS in Sukoharjo District. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 13(3), 132-137.

Haryono, Siswono. 2017. Metode SEM untuk Penelitian Manajemen. Jakarta: Luxma.

Hattis, R. P., Strydom, R. Y., Gaio, J., & Stover, D. C. (2019). HIV Prevention Practices and Non-Federal Funding Among US States and Non-State Regions: A Survey of HIV/AIDS Directors. AIDS Education and Prevention, 31(1), 82-94.

Haynes, Philip. 2003. Managing Complexity in The Public Service. London: Open University Press.

Heriana, C., Nurjannah, S. N., & Suparman, R. (2015). Distribusi Spasial dan Determinan Kejadian HIV/AIDS di Propinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2014. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Bhakti Husada: Health Sciences Journal, 4(2), 1-10.

Hoelman, M. B., Parhusip, B. T. P., Eko, S, Bahagijo, S., & Santono, H. (2015). Panduan SDGs Untuk Pemerintah Daerah dan Pemangku Kepentingan Daerah. Jakarta: International NGO Forum on Indonesia Development.

Hugo, Graeme. (2011). Mobilitas Penduduk dan HIV/AIDS di Indonesia. Jakarta: UNAIDS Indonesia.

Hull, T. H., Sulistyaningsih, E., &. Jones, G., W. (1998). Pelacuran di Indonesia, Sejarah dan Perkembangannya. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Husaeni, U. (2014, 1 Desember). 8 PNS di Subang Mengidap HIV/AIDS. diakses dari

Husaeni, U. (2015, 16 April). Penderita HIV/AIDS di Subang dari Gelandangan hingga PNS. diakses dari

Huxham, C. & Vangen, S. (2007). Doing Things Collaborativelly: Realizing the Advantage or Succumbing to Inertia. Collaborative Governance: A New Era of Public Policy in Australia? Canberra: Australia National University E Press.

Huxham, Chris. (1996). Collaboration and Collaborative advantage. In Creating Collaborative Advantage, ed. C. Huxham, 1-18. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Isni, K. (2016). Dukungan Keluarga, Dukungan Petugas Kesehatan, dan Perilaku Ibu HIV dalam Pencegahan Penularan HIV/AIDS ke Bayi. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat UNNES, 2.

Kambu, Y., Waluyo, A., & Kuntarti, K. (2016). Umur orang dengan HIV AIDS (ODHA) berhubungan dengan tindakan pencegahan penularan HIV. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 19(3), 200-207.

Kementerian Kesehatan-Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit. 2018 Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/Bappenas. 2017. Pedoman Penyusunan Rencana Aksi Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. Jakarta.

Laporan Perkembangan HIV-AIDS dan infeksi Menular Seksual tahun 2017.

Latifa, A. & Purwaningsih, S. S. (2011). Peran Masyarakat Madani dalam Mengurangi Stigma dan Diskriminasi Terhadap Penderita HIV & AIDS. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, VI (2), hal 51-76.

Lee, C., Thompson-Robinson, M., & Dodge-Francis, C. (2018). Acceptability of an Adapted HIV Prevention Intervention for Native American Adolescents. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(1), 72-84.

Marsito dan Saraswati, R. (2016). Kontribusi Fungsi Keluarga terhadap Pencegahan Penularan HIV AIDS pada Kalangan Remaja di Desa Sampang Sempor Kabupaten Kebumen. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan, 12(1), 1-12

Martin, E. G., Rosenberg, E. S., & Holtgrave, D. R. (2018). Economic and Policy Analytic Approaches to Inform the Acceleration of HIV Prevention in the United States: Future Directions for the Field. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(3), 199-207.

McNabb, D. E. (2009). The New Face of Government: How Public Managers Are Forging a New Approach to Government. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Murtono, D., Riyanto, P., & Shaluhiyah, Z. (2018). Influential Host Factors to the Incidence of HIV/AIDS in Key Populations in Pati District. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 13(1), 17-22.

Nyoko, Y. O., Hara, M. K., & Abselian, U. P. (2016). Karakteristik Penderita HIV/AIDS di Sumba Timur Tahun 2010-2016. Jurnal Kesehatan Primer, 1(1), 4-15.

Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Subang Nomor 5 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan HIV dan AIDS di Kabupaten Subang.

Peraturan Presiden Nomor 75 Tahun 2006 tentang Komisi Penanggulangan AIDS Nasional,

Pinto, R. M., Witte, S. S., Filippone, P., Choi, C. J., & Wall, M. (2018). Interprofessional Collaboration and On-the-Job Training Improve Access to HIV Testing, HIV Primary Care, and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(6), 474-489.

Prapti, R. H. E. (2015). Kertas Kajian SRHR dan AGENDA 2030. Jakarta: Rutgers WPF Indonesia.

Pratikno. (2007). Manajemen Jaringan Dalam Perspektif Strukturasi. Jurnal Administrasi Kebijakan Publik, Vol.12, Nomor 1 (Mei 2008), hal. 1-19, Yogyakarta: MAP UGM.

Préfontaine, L., Ricard, L., Sicotte, H., Turcotte, D., & Dawes, S. (2000). New Models of Collaboration for Public Service Delivery. Working Paper. Wordwide Trends. April.

Purwaningsih, S. S. & Widayatun (2008). Perkembangan HIV dan AIDS di Indonesia: Tinjauan Sosio Demografis. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, III (2), hal 75-95

Rahayu, I. & Rismawanti, V. (2017). Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang HIV/AIDS dengan Perilaku Seksual Pranikah Pelajar. Jurnal Endurance: Kajian Ilmiah Problema Kesehatan, 2(2), 145-150.

Rhodes, S. D., Tanner, A. E., Mann-Jackson, L., Alonzo, J., Horridge, D. N., Van Dam, C. N., & Nall, J. (2018). Community-engaged research as an approach to expedite advances in HIV prevention, care, and treatment: A call to action. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(3), 243-253.

Sanusi, Sri Rahayu. (2014). Mobilitas Penduduk Usia Produktif dan Penyebaran HIV/ AIDS di Indonesia Tahun 2013. Jakarta: Direktorat Analisis Dampak Kependudukan Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional.

Shaluhiyah, Z., Musthofa, S. B., & Widjanarko, B. (2015). Stigma masyarakat terhadap orang dengan HIV/AIDS. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, 9(4), 333-339.

Shapatava, E., Rios, A., Shelley, G., Milan Jr, J., Smith, S., & Uhl, G. (2018). Community-Based Organization Adaptations to the Changing HIV Prevention and Care Landscape in the Southern United States. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(6), 516-527.

Shergold, P. (2008). Governing through collaboration, in O’Flynn, Janine and Wanna, John (eds) 2008. Collaborative Governance A new era of public policy in Australia. ANU Press, 13-22

Sistiarani, C., Hariyadi, B., Munasib, M., & Sari, S. M. (2018). Peran Keluarga dalam Pencegahan HIV/AIDS di Kecamatan Purwokerto Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 11(2), 96-107.

Situmorang, A. & Purwaningsih, S. S. (2010) Local Government Responses to HIV and AIDS in the Border Areas: a Case Study of Batam. Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences, 3, pp 171-187.

Situmorang, A. (2006) Sex and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Experiences of Male Street Youth in Medan, Indonesia. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, I (1), hal 67-80.

Skeldon, R. (2000). Population Mobility and HIV Vulnerability in South East Asia: An Assesment and Analysis. Bangkok: UNDP-South East Asia HIV and Development Project.

Sucipto dan Hartoyo, (2009). Menelusuri Kebijakan Anggaran HIV & AIDS. Jakarta: Forum Indonesia untuk Transparansi Anggaran.

Suryaningdiah, D. (2016). Rekomendasi Upaya Peningkatan Kepatuhan Pengobatan ARV di Kota Surabaya (Disertasi Doktor, Universitas Airlangga).

Syarifah, F. (2015, 1 Desember). Pemeriksaan HIV/AIDS Ditanggung BPJS. diakses dari

Thomson, A. M. & Perry, J. L. (1998). Can AmeriCorps build communities? Nonproï¬t and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 27: 399-420.

Thomson, A. M. & Perry, J. L. (2006). Collaboration Process: Inside the Black Box. Public Administration Review. December, Academic Research Library pg.20

Thomson, A. M. (1999). AmeriCorps Organizational Networks: Six Case Studies of Indiana AmeriCorps Programs. National Service Fellows Program. Washington, DC: Report for the Corporation for National Service.

Thomson, A. M. (2001). Collaboration: Meaning and measurement. Ph.D. thesis. Bloomington: Indiana University.

Thomson, A. M., Perry, J. L., & Miller, T. M. (2007). Conceptualizing and Measuring Collaboration, The Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Oxford University Press. December 1.

Valdiserri, R. O. (2018). The evolution of HIV prevention programming: moving from intervention to system. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(3), 187-198.

Valdiserri, R. O., & Sullivan, P. S. (2018). Data Visualization Promotes Sound Public Health Practice: The AIDSvu Example. AIDS Education and Prevention, 30(1), 26-34.

Waluyo, A. 2011. Indonesian Nurses’ HIV Knowledge, Religiosity, Individual Stigma Attitudes, and Workplace HIV-Stigma. Doctoral Thesis. Chicago: Graduate College of the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Wanna, J. and O’Flynn, J. (2008). Collaborative Governance: A New Era of Public Policy in Australia? Canberra: Australia National University E Press.

Wong, K. K. K. (2013). Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) Techniques Using SmartPLS. Marketing Bulletin. pp 1-32 Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Iindonesia Nomor 21 Tahun 2013 tentang Penanggulangan HIV dan AIDS.

Yamin, S. & Kurniawan, H. (2009). Structural Equation Modelling. Jakarta: Salemba Infotek.

Yulianingsih, T. (2017). Penyebaran Tertinggi di Asia Pasifik, Filipina Darurat HIV/AIDS. diakses dari


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Research Center for Population, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Widya Graha Building, 7th and 10th floors
Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto 10 Jakarta Selatan, Telp (021) 5221687
Website: http:/;