MEMPERSIAPKAN KETAHANAN KELUARGA SELAMA ADAPTASI KEBIASAAN BARU DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19

Maulana Rezi Ramadhana

Abstract


Changes in family dynamics during the isolation period of COVID-19 have an impact on family resilience in preparing for the adaptation of new habits in Indonesia. This study examines emotional reactions and family resilience, using family demographic groups, namely family type, parent's occupational type, and a residential area used as study variables. The sample came from 318 overseas student families who had reunited with families from 23 cities and districts in West Java Province. Simple frequency data analysis were used to present related situations. The results of the study showed that family type, family socioeconomic (parents' occupation), and the type of residential area of the family showed differences in positive emotions, negative emotions and were significant to family resilience during COVID-19 isolation. The implications of this study lead to the function of families in strengthening family resilience to prepare for the adaptation of new habits in Indonesia.


Keywords


family resilience; emotion; COVID-19; adapt to new habits; Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Affleck, G., & Tennen, H. (1996). Construing Benefits from Adversity: Adaptational Significance and Dispositional Underpinnings. Journal of Personality, 64(4), 899–922. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1996.tb00948.x

Afifi, T. D., Merrill, A. F., & Davis, S. (2016). The theory of resilience and relational load. Personal Relationships, 23(4), 663–683. https://doi.org/10.1111/pere.12159

Bishop, M, Greeff, A. P. (2015). Resilience in Families in Which a Member Has Been Diagnosed Wisk Schizoprenia. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 2015, 22, 463–471

Buzzanell, P. M. (2018). Communication Theory of Resilience. In Engaging Theories in Family Communication (pp. 98–109). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315204321-9

Caleo, G., Duncombe, J., Jephcott, F., Lokuge, K., Mills, C., Looijen, E., Theoharaki, F., Kremer, R., Kleijer, K., Squire, J., Lamin, M., Stringer, B., Weiss, H,A., Culli, D., Di Tanna, G.L., & Greig, J. (2018). The factors affecting household transmission dynamics and community compliance with Ebola control measures: A mixed-methods study in a rural village in Sierra Leone. BMC Public Health, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5158-6

Carr, K. (2015). Communication and Family Resilience. In The International Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Communication, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118540190.wbeic198

Control for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]. (2017). Quarantine and Isolation. Cdc. https://www.cdc.gov/quarantine/index.html

Dani, J. A., & Mediantara, Y. (2020). Covid-19 Dan Perubahan Komunikasi Sosial. Persepsi:, 3(1), 94–102. https://doi.org/10.30596/persepsi.v3i1.4510

Deist, M. D. & Greeff, A. P. (2016). Resilience in Families Caring for a Family Member Diagnosed with Dementia. Educational Gerontology, 41: 93–105

Desclaux, A., Badji, D., Ndione, A. G., & Sow, K. (2017). Accepted monitoring or endured quarantine? Ebola contacts’ perceptions in Senegal. Social Science and Medicine, 178, 38–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.02.009

DiGiovanni, C., Conley, J., Chiu, D., & Zaborski, J. (2004). Factors influencing compliance with quarantine in Toronto during the 2003 SARS outbreak. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism : Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science, 2(4), 265–272. https://doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2004.2.265

Djalante, R., Lassa, J., Setiamarga, D., Sudjatma, A., Indrawan, M., Haryanto, B., Mahfud, C., Sinapoy, M.S., Djalante, S., Rafliana, I., Gunawan, L.A., Suriarti, G.A.K., & Warsilah, H. (2020). Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020. Progress in Disaster Science 6, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100091.

Dong, L., & Bouey, J. (2020). Public Mental Health Crisis during COVID-19 Pandemic, China. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 26(7). https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2607.200407

Ekman, P. (2005). Basic Emotions. In Handbook of Cognition and Emotion (pp. 45–60). https://doi.org/10.1002/0470013494.ch3

Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2000). Positive affect and the other side of coping. American Psychologist, 55(6), 647–654. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.6.647

Fredrickson, B. L. (2003). The value of positive emotions. American Scientist, 91(4), 330–335. https://doi.org/10.1511/2003.4.330

Hackbarth M, Pavkov T, Wetchler J, Flannery M. (2012). Natural disasters: an assessment of family resiliency following Hurricane Katrina. J Marital Fam Ther. 38(2), 340‐351. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2011.00227.x

Hawryluck, L., Gold, W. L., Robinson, S., Pogorski, S., Galea, S., & Styra, R. (2004). SARS control and psychological effects of quarantine, Toronto, Canada. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10(7), 1206–1212. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1007.030703

Ho, C. S., Chee, C. Y., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Mental Health Strategies to Combat the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Beyond Paranoia and Panic. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore, 49(1), 1–3.

Jansen, K. (2017). Extended Family Relationships: How They Impact the Mental Health of Young Adults. https://doi.org/10.13023/ETD.2017.102

Juliani, H. (2019). Diskresi Dalam Rekrutmen Pegawai Non Pegawai Negeri Sipil Setelah Pemberlakuan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 49 Tahun 2018 tentang Manajemen Pegawai Pemerintah Dengan Perjanjian Kerja. Administrative Law & Governance Journal, 2(2), 314-325.

Liu, J. J., Bao, Y., Huang, X., Shi, J., & Lu, L. (2020). Mental health considerations for children quarantined because of COVID-19. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, Vol. 4, pp. 347–349. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30096-1

Manuell, M. E., & Cukor, J. (2011). Mother Nature versus human nature: Public compliance with evacuation and quarantine. Disasters, 35(2), 417–442. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2010.01219.x

Marjanovic, Z., Greenglass, E. R., & Coffey, S. (2007). The relevance of psychosocial variables and working conditions in predicting nurses’ coping strategies during the SARS crisis: An online questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(6), 991–998. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.02.012

Meadows, S. O., Beckett, M. K., Bowling, K., Golinelli, D., Fisher, M. P., Martin, L. T., Meredith, L. S., & Osilla, K. C. (2016). Family Resilience in the Military: Definitions, Models, and Policies. Rand health quarterly, 5(3), 12.

Nam, B., Kim, J. Y., DeVylder, J. E., & Song, A. (2016) . Family functioning, resilience, and depression among North Korean refugees. Psychiatry Research, 245, 451–457.

Oosterhoff, B., Palmer, C. A., Wilson, J., & Shook, N. (2020). Adolescents’ Motivations to Engage in Social Distancing during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Associations with Mental and Social Health. Journal of Adolescent Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.05.004

Pakpahan, A. K. (2020). COVID-19 dan Implikasi bagi usaha mikro, kecil dan Menengah. JIHI: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 2–6. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v0i0.3870.59-64

Patterson, J. M. (2002). Understanding family resilience. Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 58, pp. 233–246. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.10019

Puspitawati, H., Herawati, T., & Sarma, M. (2018). Reliabilitas dan Validitas Indikator Ketahanan Keluarga di Indonesia. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 13(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.14203/JKI.V13I1.283

Setiati, S., & Azwar, M. K. (2020). COVID-19 and Indonesia. Acta Medica Indonesiana, 52(1), 84–89.

Sharma, R. (2013). The family and family structure classification redefined for the current times. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 2(4), 306. https://doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.123774

Sharp, J. S., & Clark, J. K. (2008). Between the country and the concrete: Rediscovering the rural-urban fringe. City and Community, 7(1), 61–79. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6040.2007.00241.x

Tanoue, Y., Nomura, S., Yoneoka, D., Kawashima, T., Eguchi, A., Shi, S., Harado, N., & Miyata, H. (2020). Mental health of family, friends, and co-workers of COVID-19 patients in Japan. Psychiatry Research, 113067. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113067

Tsai, J., & Wilson, M. (2020). COVID-19: a potential public health problem for homeless populations. The Lancet Public Health, Vol. 5, pp. e186–e187. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30053-0

Walsh, F. (1996). The Concept of Family Resilience: Crisis and Challenge. Family Process, 35(3), 261–281. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.1996.00261.x

Walsh, F. (2016). Family resilience: a developmental systems framework. European Journal of Developmental Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2016.1154035

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051729

Wang, Y., Xu, B., Zhao, G., Cao, R., He, X., & Fu, S. (2011). Is quarantine related to immediate negative psychological consequences during the 2009 H1N1 epidemic? General Hospital Psychiatry, 33(1), 75–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2010.11.001

Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, Q., Zhang, L., Cheung, T., & Xiang, Y. T. (2020). Mental health services for older adults in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Lancet Psychiatry, Vol. 7, p. e19. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30079-1

Yoon, M. K., Kim, S. Y., Ko, H. S., & Lee, M. S. (2016). System effectiveness of detection, brief intervention and refer to treatment for the people with post-traumatic emotional distress by MERS: A case report of community-based proactive intervention in South Korea. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-016-0083-5

Yunus, N. R., & Rezki, A. (2020). Kebijakan Pemberlakuan Lock Down Sebagai Antisipasi Penyebaran Corona Virus Covid-19. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i3.15083




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v0i0.572

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Research Center for Population, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Widya Graha Building, 7th and 10th floors
Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto 10 Jakarta Selatan, Telp (021) 5221687
Website: http:/kependudukan.lipi.go.id;
E-Journal: http://ejurnal.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
Pustaka: http://pustaka.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------