Pola pelayanan keluarga berencana pada masa pandemi COVID-19 dan strategi menghadapi new normal di Yogyakarta

Fitriani Mediastuti, Sri Sugiharti, Istri Bartini, Aji nugroho


This study aims to determine the patterns of family planning services during the pandemic and the providers' strategies in facing the new normal in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY). This research uses a mixed method with a sequential explanatory design. This study found that the pattern of family planning services in DIY experienced changes when the COVID-19 pandemic occurred. Changes occurred in contraceptive coverage, types of contraception, methods, counselling behaviour and distribution of respondents serving family planning. Several providers have also conducted counselling through online media to increase family planning in the new normal period. However, they have not been able to solve the problem of family planning acceptors. The new family planning service strategy must pay attention to health protocols to minimize the risk of being infected with COVID-19 and increase the coverage of family planning acceptors. Therefore, a strategy is needed to realize the commitment and creativity of providers to improve the quality of counselling services through online media and provide services following health protocols in the era of the new normal.


Family planning services, pandemic period, COVID-19, New Normal

Full Text:



Adelekan, T., Mihretu, B., Mapanga, W., Nqeketo, S., Chauke, L., Dwane, Z., & Baldwin-Ragaven, L. (2020). Early effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on family planning utilisation and termination of pregnancy services in Gauteng, South Africa: March–April 2020. Wits Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2(2), 91. https://doi.org/10.18772/ 26180197.2020.v2n2a7

Ali, S. A., Mawani, M., Bano, G., & Ali, S. A. (2016). Important strategies for effective family planning counseling. Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders, 5(3), 184. https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-038x.1000184

Azwar, A., Sudarman, S., & Samsualam, S. (2021). Quality of primary health services during the COVID-19 pandemic: A literature review. STRADA Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 10(1), 197–205. https://doi.org/10.30994/sjik.v10i1.593

Bahamondes, L., & Makuch, M. Y. (2020). Family planning: An essential health activity in the pandemic of SARS-CoV-2. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care, 25(4), 319–320. https://doi.org/10.1080/13625187. 2020.1768368

Bappeda DIY. (2014). Perencanaan pembangunan sub bidang pengembangan kesejahteraan rakyat tahun 2014. Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. http://bappeda.jogjaprov.go.id/download/download/44

Benson, L. S., Madden, T., Tarleton, J., & Micks, E. A. (2021). Society of Family Planning interim clinical recom-mendations: Contraceptive provision when healthcare access is restricted due to pandemic response – 2021 update. Society of Family Planning 2021. https://doi.org/10.46621/UYGR2287

Bietsch, K., Williamson, J., & Reeves, M. (2020). Family planning during and after the West African Ebola crisis. Studies in Family Planning, 51(1), 71–86. https://doi.org/10.1111/sifp.12110

BKKBN. (2020). Antisipasi baby boom pasca pandemi Covid19, BKKBN jalankan pelayanan KB dengan tetap menjaga jarak dan konseling melalui media online. https://www.bkkbn.go.id/detailpost/antisipasi-baby-boom-pasca-pandemi-covid-19-bkkbn-jalankan-pelayanan-kb-dengan-tetap-menjaga-jarak-dan-konseling-melalui-media-online

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2

Ferreira-Filho, E. S., de Melo, N. R., Sorpreso, I. C. E., Bahamondes, L., Simões, R. D. S., Soares-Júnior, J. M., & Baracat, E. C. (2020). Contraception and reproductive planning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, 13(6), 615–622. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 17512433.2020.1782738

Gobel, F. (2019). Pengaruh pemberian konseling dengan alat bantu pengambilan keputusan terhadap pemilihan alat kontrasepsi pada ibu pasca salin di RSTN Boalemo. Akademika Jurnal Ilmiah UMGo, 8(1), 45–53. https://doi.org/ 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Hebert, L. E., Schwandt, H. M., Boulay, M., & Skinner, J. (2013). Family planning providers’ perspectives on family planning service delivery in Ibadan and Kaduna, Nigeria: A qualitative study. Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, 39(1), 29–35. https://doi.org/10.1136/jfprhc-2011-100244

Herawati, D., Rosyada, D. F., Pratiwi, R. D., & Wigati, E. N. (2020). Family planning services by midwifery of private midwifery practice in Yogyakarta during the pandemic period of COVID-19. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, 11(2), 123–135. https://doi.org/10.26553/ jikm.2020.11.2.123-135

Hrusa, G., Spigt, M., Dejene, T., & Shiferaw, S. (2020). Quality of family planning counseling in Ethiopia: Trends and determinants of information received by female modern contraceptive users, evidence from national survey data, (2014-2018). PLoS ONE, 15(2), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0228714

Makins, A., & Arulkumaran, S. (2020). The negative impact of COVID-19 on contraception and sexual and reproductive health: Could immediate postpartum LARCs be the solution? Int J Gynecol Obstet., 150, 141–143. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13237

Nanda, K., Lebetkin, E., Steiner, M. J., Yacobson, I., & Dorflinger, J. (2020). Contraception in the era of COVID-19. Global Health: Science and Practice, 8(2), 166–168. https://doi.org/10.9745/ GHSP-D-20-00119

Purwanti, S. (2020). Dampak penurunan jumlah kunjungan KB terhadap ancaman baby boom di era Covid-19. Jurnal Bina Cipta Husada, 26(2), 105–118.

Riley, T., Sully, E., Ahmed, Z., & Biddlecom, A. (2020). Estimates of the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexual and reproductive health in low- and middle-income countries. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 46, 73–76. https://www. guttmacher.org/journals/ipsrh/2020/04/estimates-potential-impact-covid-19-pandemi-sexual-and-reproductive-health

Syadidurrahmah, F., Muntahaya, F., Islamiyah, S. Z., Fitriani, T. A., & Nisa, H. (2020). Perilaku physical distancing mahasiswa UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta pada masa pandemi COVID-19. Perilaku & Promosi Kesehatan: Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Behaviour, 2(1), 29–37. https://doi.org/10.47034/ppk.v2i1. 4004

UNFPA. (2020a). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemi on family planning and ending gender-based violence, female genital mutilation and child marriage. https://www.unfpa.org/resources/impact-covid-19-pandemi-family-planning-and-ending-gender-based-violence-female-genital

UNFPA. (2020b). Sexual and reproductive health and rights: Modern contraceptives and other medical supply needs, including for COVID-19 prevention, protection and response. https://www.unfpa.org/ resources/sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-modern-contraceptives-and-other-medical-supply

Vora, K. S., Saiyed, S., & Natesan, S. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on family planning services in India. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 28(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1080/26410397.2020.1785378

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14203/jki.v17i1.648

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Research Center for Population, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Widya Graha Building, 7th and 10th floors
Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto 10 Jakarta Selatan, Telp (021) 5221687
Website: http:/kependudukan.lipi.go.id;
E-Journal: http://ejurnal.kependudukan.lipi.go.id
Pustaka: http://pustaka.kependudukan.lipi.go.id